- Faith & Family
The church was founded in 1879 in Boston, Massachusetts by Mary Baker Eddy. She wrote the book, “Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures.” Together with the Bible, these texts provide the foundation for the denomination’s key doctrinal sources and are referred to as the church’s “pastor.”
So what exactly is Christian Science?
According to Elise Moore, a lecturer within the Church of Christ, Scientist, “It is the divine laws of God that Christ Jesus came to give humanity that anyone can learn and profit in their lives.”
There are no fixed number of divine laws and they can be found throughout the Bible.
For example, “In the first chapter of the Bible, the first divine law is that God is good and creates good,” she further explained.
Inside a Church of Christ, Scientist
Church names are chosen based upon the sequential order of its founding date. In other words, the first Christian Science church established in a neighborhood or city is named, First Church of Christ, Scientist, while the next is Second Church of Christ, Scientist, etc.
Within each local or branch church as they are referred to, there are few formal posts or positions.
These positions include the persons leading the weekly Sunday services who are designated as readers and those members serving on the church’s Board of Directors and carry out the running of the church.
“It is a lay church and the people who lead services are elected by the congregation,” said Moore. “Everyone shares responsibility mainly because the focus of Christian science is your individual relationship with God and helping one another understand more about God, not on the church’s structure.”
The people who serve in the posts of lecturer are chosen directly by the First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston which is not only the Christian Science church but is also referred to as the “Mother Church.” Lecturers are invited by various churches throughout the world to provide speeches on various spiritual subjects.
According to Luis Vargas, a librarian for a Christian Science Reading Room, their doctrinal beliefs pronounce that prayer is the ultimate deciding factor in whether a person heals from injury or disease, but the church does not discredit medical science as a way to remedy illnesses.
However, in their basic views of salvation, the Church of Christ Scientist is similar to many other mainstream denominations.
“Christian scientists believe in Heaven and assert that there is one God and His one mediator for man is Christ Jesus,” Moore said.
By Kaila Heard